Article VI

G.        NFAA 900 Target Round

1.         Standard Unit:

1.1       Adults/Young Adults

1.1.1     30 arrows at 60 yards

1.1.2     30 arrows at 50 yards

1.1.3     30 arrows at 40 yards

1.2       Youth

1.2.1     30 arrows at 50 yards

1.2.2     30 arrows at 40 yards

1.2.3     30 arrows at 30 yards

1.3       Cubs

1.3.1     30 arrows at 30 yards

1.3.2     30 arrows at 20 yards

1.3.3     30 arrows at 10 yards

2.         Targets:

2.1       The target face should conform to the specification of the current 122 cm target face that will retain stability of size, shape, and color under adverse weather conditions.

2.2       The target face is divided into five concentric color zones arranged from the center outward as follows: Gold (yellow), Red, Blue, Black and White with ten concentric rings arranged to divide each color.

2.3       A scoring line, not more than one-tenth inch in width shall be provided between rings. An arrow shaft need only touch the line to be counted as the higher score value.

2.4       When all the archers shooting at a target mat so desire; the full target face will be used so that all archers may score arrows that fall outside the 6 ring.

3.         The Target Range:

3.1       The target field shall be laid out so that shooting is from South to North. A Maximum deviation of 45% is allowed for local tournaments if required by terrain or safety.

3.2       Range distances shall be accurately measured from the shooting line on the ground perpendicular to the gold on the target face.

3.3       Target lines and shooting lines shall be plainly and accurately marked on the ground, and shall be no more than six inches in width. Target lines or shooting lines may be arranged to require the shooters to move forward from the longest distance to shorter distances while the targets remain stationary, or to require the target butts to be brought forward from longest to shorter distances while the shooters use a stationary line. There shall be a 3-yard waiting line behind the shooting line.

3.4       Individual target lanes shall be suitably and plainly marked either by center lines, or by lines designating the side boundaries of each lane. Pegs, chalk lines, paint lines, or mowed strips are suitable markings.

3.5       All safety precautions and limited access to the shooting area must be enforced. 

3.6       At least every other target butt should have a small flag, of a size and color easily visible from the sixty-yard line, mounted at least two feet above the top of the target butt. 

4.         The Target Butt and Target Backstop:

4.1       The target butt (backstop) shall be of any suitable material that will not damage arrows or allow them to pass through or bounce out frequently.

4.2       Target backstops shall be securely anchored to the ground to prevent accidental toppling.

4.3       Target identification shall be by means of numerals, at least eight inches high, made of a suitable material, so as to be easily visible from sixty yards and be mounted at the base of the targets.

5.         Shooting Positions:

5.1       The shooting area is an area starting at the waiting line and which runs parallel to and adjacent to the target line, and extending to a safe distance behind the target butts.

5.2       An archer shall stand so that there’s one foot on each side of the shooting line.

5.3       When two shooting line groups are used, archers will alternate first up to shoot on the target.  An AB, BA system will be used alternating end by end so that each archer will have an equal time shooting at a target without arrows in it.

6.         Shooting Rules:

6.1       An END consists of six arrows shot for score.

6.2       There will be a five-minute time limit to shoot six arrows, with a 30 sec. warning before the time limit expires.  The Director of Shooting (DOS) shall signal the start and finish of each end and shall use tournament control signals needed for safety.

6.3       NFAA shooting divisions and styles shall be used for award presentation.

6.4       Any kind of arrow may be used provided they do not damage the target face or target butt unreasonably.

6.5       Any type of spotting aid may be used provided it does not cause an obstruction or interference to other shooters.

6.6       Initial target assignments may be made according to any system designated by the tournament officials. There shall not be less than three nor more than five archers assigned to each target in use. Four is customary.

6.7       Archers shall be re-assigned targets after each round on the basis of their total score in division and style for rounds completed.

6.8       There shall be two practice ends or 45 minutes of open practice before the first scoring end in the competition.

6.9       There shall be no practice permitted after a break or delay unless such postponement exceeds forty-five (45) minutes. In such cases the amount of practice shall be one practice end at the present scoring distance.

6.10      A whistle system shall be used to control the archers shooting line, rotation and timing for scoring per end shot:  Two (2) blasts to come to the shooting line, one (1) blast to start timing of shooting for score, three (3) blasts to go forward to score, and four (4) or more for emergency stop of all shooting.

6.11      Equipment failures must be recognized by an official and 45 minutes will be allowed for repaire.  There will be one practice end, at the distance that the equipment failure occurred.

6.12      A mis-shot arrow may be re-shot if the archer can touch the arrow with their bow without moving their feet at the shooting line.

6.13      If an arrow should hang from the target face, shooting shall be interrupted and a judge shall immediately reinsert the arrow in its proper place in the scoring face.

6.14      Ties shall be resolved in favor of the archer with the most hits. Then the greatest number of X’s, 10’s and 9’s etc. If still tied, the tie shall be so recorded unless it is for first place. Which will be shot off one arrow at a time.  If still tied after two tie breaker arrows, the third will be closest to the center.

6.15      Coaching an archer on the shooting line is permitted, providing that such coaching is not distracting to other contestants.  Audible coaching of archers on the shooting line is not permitted.

7.         Scoring:

7.1       Arrows in the standard 122 cm target face shall be scored as follows: Inner Gold – 10, Outer Gold-9, Inner Red – 8, Outer Red-7, Inner Blue – 6, Outer Blue-5, Inner Black – 4, Outer Black-3, Inner White – 2, Outer White-1; all others shall be scored as an “M” (miss).

7.2       An arrow shaft need only touch the scoring line to be counted in the next higher value. Doubtful arrows must be determined for each end before the arrows or target face have been touched, otherwise the lower value must be taken.

7.3       An arrow that has passed through the scoring face so that it is not visible from the front shall be pushed back through for scoring. If a complete pass –through goes unnoticed until scoring at the target, it shall be re-shot. Arrows passing completely through the target, if witnessed, may be re-shot.

7.4       An arrow that rebounds from the target butt shall be re-shot.

7.5       An arrow embedded in another arrow in the scoring face shall be scored the same as the arrow in which it is embedded.

7.6       Hits on the wrong target face shall score as misses.

7.7       The archer chosen to pull the arrows from the target, normally the first in order of assignment, shall be the Target Captain and shall rule all questions on their target subject to appeal to the Line Judge.

7.8       The Target Captain shall call the value of each arrow so it can be recorded by two score keepers, normally the next two assigned to the target. Scorers should keep a running score and check results after each end to avoid errors. Any archer on a target may request a judge to determine final score of any arrow before any arrows or the target butt are touched.

7.9       Archers are individually responsible for seeing that their arrows are called correctly and are properly entered on the scorecards, and that their scorecards are signed and turned in to the proper officials.

8.         Field Officials:

8.1       Field Officials shall be appointed by the tournament committee and shall rank in authority as follows: Tournament Director, Director of Shooting, Chairman of Judges, Judges. The Appeals Committee shall have final authority on all protests submitted to them.

8.2       The Tournament Director shall have the responsibility and authority to organize all other officials. The Director of Shooting shall supervise and regulate all practice, timing of ends and the completion of the competition in accordance with regulations and customs; interpret and decide questions of rules; and to maintain safety conditions. The Chairman of Judges and his Judges shall interpret the score of doubtful arrows; enforce timing of ends, shooting rules and sportsmanlike behavior.

8.3       Decisions of the lesser field official shall be final unless immediately appealed to Chairman of Judges.

8.4       Decisions of the Target Captain and /or Judge shall be final unless verbal notice of intent to protest is given to the Chairman of Judges. The verbal protest must be followed by the submission of the protest in writing to the Chairman of Judges prior to one hour after the completion of scoring. The written protest will be submitted to the Appeals Committee, and the Appeals Committee will make a decision, before the handing out of the awards.  All Appeals Committee decisions are final.

H.        NFAA 810 Target Round:

The only difference between the 900 round and the 810 Round is the method of scoring. Item 7 as listed above in the 900 Target Round will change to read as follows: Arrows in the standard target face shall be evaluated as follows: Gold-9, Red-7, Blue-5, Black-3, White-1.

I.          NFAA 600 Target Round.

            1.         The only difference between the 600 Round and the 900 Round is the number of arrows per         end and the number of ends per distance.  All other rules apply.

            2.         20 arrows will be shot at each distance in four ends of five arrows for score.

            3.         The time limit shall be four minutes per end.

J.          NFAA Classic 600 Target Round.

            Rules same as the NFAA 600 Round except as follows:

            1.         The NFAA Archery Classic 92 cm Target Face shall be used.  At the discretion of tournament management, the center version of the Face may be used utilizing only the 6 through 10 rings.  Archers who want to shoot the full 92 cm Target Face must state their desire during registration and will be accommodated by moving them to a target butt with a full face.

            2.         The round is shot starting at the closest distance and progressing to the longest distance.

K.        NFAA 3-D Rules and Regulations:  For Marked and Unmarked Tournaments  National and Sectional - State Optional.


1.1       NFAA National Marked 3-D will consist of 70 3-D targets or as determined by the NFAA.  National Unmarked 3-D will consist of a minimum of 60 3-D targets.  Sectional and State (optional) marked and unmarked rounds will consist of a minimum of 30 3-D targets in two or more courses.

1.2       Tournaments may be two or three-day events as required by tournament host.  Each day there will be shooting assignments posted with times and ranges for competition for the day.


2.1       No spectators are allowed on the tournament ranges during competition, unless allowed by the Tournament Director.  (The condition of the ranges, weather conditions or safety factors may not permit this.)  Every effort will be made to accommodate the media.

2.2       Cameras are not allowed on unmarked tournament ranges until the last day of the competition..  Marked ranges may have cameras at the discretion of the Tournament Director.  The use of a flash camera during competition is prohibited.  (Tournament Director may make special exceptions for the working press with official press credentials.)


At the NFAA National tournaments, with a joint agreement between the host organization and the NFAA Council, and at the Sectional tournaments, with a joint agreement between the host organization and the Section Directors, guests will be allowed to compete in the tournaments, however, they must pay the same entry fee as the NFAA members and they will not be eligible for any NFAA awards.  These classes (GUEST CLASSES) will be the sole responsibility of the host clubs or organizations for their awards.

4.         AWARDS:

4.1       At National tournaments, the Non-Pro classes will compete for Belt Buckles and Medals only.

4.2       At Sectional tournaments, the Non- Pro classes will compete for Plaques, patches and medals.

4.3       At both National and Sectional tournaments, the Pros will compete in the Money Class in their division.  Cash awards and a Plaque and patch for first place only.


5.1       Prior to the start of each tournament, the archer is required to check in at the registration desk.  You should double-check your target assignments and your shooting classification.  All archers are responsible for checking to be sure there are no errors in their registration.  This will be the only time you can make changes in your classification, and/or shooting time.  After the tournament begins, it will not be possible to make changes.  Remember it is the shooter’s responsibility to get his or her target assignments, range assignment and scorecards.  Scorecards may never leave the archery tournament.  Scorecards must be double signed by shooter and “scorers” in that group.  This signature is a guarantee that the score is accurate and true.  If scorecards are turned in not tallied or not properly signed, they will be disqualified and/or the lowest score used for official score.  All scorecards must be turned in no later than one hour after the completion of that round.

5.2       Prior to the start of competition, all shooters may be expected to attend a “pre-competition meeting”.  These meetings are for information and special announcements from the Tournament Committee.  These meetings will begin forty-five (45) minutes prior to the start of competition, or as announced by the Tournament Committee.

5.3       The NFAA has adopted the 300 ft. per second rule with a 3% margin of error as measured by the official on-site chronographs.  Each competitor understands and agrees that they may be required to shoot the designated tournament on-site chronographs.  If after shooting 3 arrows through the chronograph after a tournament round, the average speed exceeds 309 ft. per second, then that round score will be immediately disqualified, with no exceptions.

5.4       The NFAA maximum draw-weight of a bow shall not exceed eighty pounds (80) lbs. 

5.5       All targets will be 3-D animals placed vertical to the horizon and all archers are required to return the targets to this position after removing their arrows.  No target may be place at an angle greater that that which would create a glance-off.  

5.6       The NFAA National Marked 3-D maximum distance will be 101 yards, provided targets of adequate size are used.  Sectional and State (optional) Marked 3-D maximum distance will be 60 yards.  National, Sectional and State (optional) Unmarked 3-D maximum distance will be 50 yards. Distances on marked 3-D courses will be measured with a tape or more accurate measuring device.  Hand-held range finders will not be used.

5.7       Participants will be assigned in minimum groups of three shooters per target, and shooters are required to be at their assigned target 5 minutes prior to start times..

5.8       Each archer will shoot their arrows with one foot touching the appropriate stake for the division and class in which they are registered.

5.9       No archer will write down distance-to-target information or notes on an unmarked 3-D range, or will refer to written memoranda concerning distance-to-target while shooting an unmarked course.

 6.         PROTESTS

6.1       Protests arising at a tournament will be discussed and ruled upon by a committee consisting of the Tournament Director, NFAA President, One (1) councilman, and two (2) Directors, available at the tournament. The Councilman and Directors will be chosen at random by the Tournament Director. A list of the members of this committee shall be posted in public view.  Any individual wishing to file a protest against another archer must inform that individual in the presence of a tournament official that a protest will be filed. Both individuals have the right to be present at the meeting of the protest committee. All protests must be submitted within one hour after the end of the day’s shooting or, if indoors, the line on which the alleged offense occurred. A $50.00 National and $25.00 Sectional protest fee must accompany the written protest at National and Sectional tournaments, which will be refunded if the protest is upheld. No protest that is filed after the time limit will be considered or acted on.

7.         SCORING

7.1       The National marked 3-D will conform to the Western Trail (Redding) format of 2 arrows, scoring 11-10-8 each.  Or as determined by the NFAA.  Marked and Unmarked Sectional and State (optional) 3-D will shoot a 1 arrow format, scoring 12-10-8-5.  National Unmarked 3-D shall use the 1 arrow format scoring 12-10-8-5.

7.2       Scorecards will be picked up at registration, or a designated area, prior to each round of competition.  This is usually forty-five (45) minutes before starting time at pre-tournament meeting announcements.  Each shooter will receive two (2) score cards for each round.  All information on each scorecard must be filled out and correct.

7.3       Each group will designate two (2) members of their group to call scores and two (2) members to record the scores.  (If the group has only three (3) shooters, only one (1) will call arrows).  Archers will draw for the shooting order in their respective groups and rotate the shooting order.

7.4       All arrows must remain in the target and should not be touched until all arrows are scored.  The arrow shaft must touch any portion of the scoring ring, regardless of deformity of the scoring rings or angle of the arrow in the target to be scored the higher value.  The status of any questionable arrows must be determined before removing any arrows from the target.  If both score callers agree, the score called is final.  If there is disagreement in the designated callers, a third caller from the group other than the archer whose arrow is in question will make the final call.  If a questionable arrow exists in groups of three, the designated caller will make his call.  If the archer whose arrow is in question does not agree, he may have the third party make the final call.  In all cases the third call is final. 

7.5        Score callers will judge and score each arrow and call out the results to the scorekeepers.  This will be recorded on the respective shooters scorecard.  Running scores can be checked during the progression of the round to eliminate errors.

7.6       Both completed scorecards must be totaled and signed as correct by the score keepers and the shooter and turned in at the assigned area.  Each shooting group must turn in their scorecards together (except when a shooter is permitted to make-up targets due to equipment failure or other approved leave of emergency).  Any individual or group that does not turn in their cards before leaving the range (taking cards with them) will receive a score of “X” for that day’s score.  “X” will be used instead of the number (0) on all cards, symbolizing “NO SCORE”.

7.7       Arrows passing through the face, but still in the target, will be pushed back and scored.

7.8       Any arrows deflected by a foreign object or miss fired will be scored where it lies.

7.9       Any arrow embedded in the nock of another arrow (generally known as a “Robin Hood”) will be scored the same as the arrow it struck and skewered, even if it falls to the ground and not in said target.

7.10      Arrows in corresponding areas of the target will be scored with point values as follows: 

12 – Highest Score

10 – 2nd Scoring Ring

8 – 3rd Scoring Ring

5 – Outside Scoring Area (ANTLERS AND HORNS, NO SCORE)


7.11      All tied scores will be broken by the number of 12 Rings; except in the case of a first place tie.  When this occurs, a sudden death shoot-off will take place.  All shooters tied for 1st place will shoot one (1) arrow.  The arrow which is determined to be the closest to the 12 ring will be declared the winner.  If two shooters tie by being the same distance to the 12 ring, they will shoot until the tie is broken.  This will be true for all classes.  If competitors are not present, ties will be broken by Rule of First Points dropped.  [If possible use same ranges when comparing cards to break ties].

7.12      A witnessed bounce-out will be re-shot.  If an arrow is shot at a target and is suspected by the archer or the group as a pass-through then proceed by letting the next archer in order shoot.  Archers not standing at the stake should always observe where the arrow strikes the target for this reason.  When all shooters of a group have completed shooting, one (1) “scorer” may proceed to the target to see if there was a pass-through or if the arrow is embedded in the target.  If it is embedded in the target, he will request the group to come to the target, and observe pushing back the arrow to score.  If the arrow has passed-through, then the “scorer” has to return to the group so the archer can shoot another arrow at the target to score.  As soon as possible, tell Range officials which target you had a pass-through on, so it can be replaced or repaired.

7.13      After shooting the last arrow, the group shall stand together away from the shooting stake if shooting in close quarters.  This will let others know you are through.  When it is safe, all shooters are to proceed to the target to score all arrows before any arrows are pulled from the target.  If any shooter pulls arrows from a target before the score callers and the scorekeepers can officially record them to the cards by sight, that shooter automatically receives an “X” for said target.

7.14      In consideration of time, no shooter will glass the target while standing at the shooting stake after shooting their arrow.  Shooters may glass the target prior to shooting, but still be reminded of the time factor restrictions.  After assuming their position at the stake, 2 minutes are allowed to shoot one (1) arrow.  The shooter will receive a verbal warning from the group for the first offense.  Second warning will be a five point (5) penalty from target score, but no less than an “X”.  Each subsequent offense will receive same (5) pt. penalty but no less than an “X”.

7.15      An arrow inadvertently dropped while transferring the arrow from the quiver to the bow in preparation of a shot or an arrow that falls off the arrow rest or accidentally releases from the string in preparation of making a shot may be recovered if within reach of the archer from the appropriate shooting stake.

8.         EQUIPMENT FAILURE:  An archer declaring equipment failure, verified by the group may leave the range to report the equipment failure to a tournament official.  Upon reporting to an official, the archer will have forty-five minutes (45) to make necessary repairs or replacement and re-sight the repaired equipment.  The archer will then rejoin the original group and continue shooting the remaining targets.  All targets missed will be shot under make up rules with a scorekeeper and witness.  Any equipment failure that results in an arrow being released toward a target will be scored as it lies, a missed target may not be re-shot.  Each archer is limited to one (1) equipment failure per tournament.  If a second equipment failure occurs, the archer will remain with his or her group to act as a scorer or scorekeeper.


9.1       Binoculars and spotting scopes will be allowed.  They may be checked at random by tournament officials or individuals in your shooting group.  You may ask to check theirs as well.

9.2       If any marks are deemed inappropriate by an official, the glasses will be confiscated and presented to the Tournament Director and committee for examination.  In addition, any binoculars and or spotting scopes that have been pro-marked by the factory and are being used by the shooter as a range finding device, will be confiscated and will be presented for review to the tournament committee.  Penalty for this if found guilty will be disqualification.

9.3       On unmarked ranges, no range finders are allowed.  On marked 3-D ranges, range finders would be allowed if announced and advertised as to be used.  This would be left as an option to the Tournament Officials.

9.4       An archer may not hold any equipment in line with the target for use as a range finder, and after an archer has set his/her sight, may not let down and re-set the sight.  A verbal warning may be given from the group for a first offense.  A second offense may be assessed a penalty of 5 points by the group.  Each subsequent offense may be assessed a 5 point penalty.


As a safety consideration, and to insure a timely competition, no archer will go behind a target to look for a lost arrow, unless you can see it at time of scoring.  Always keep at least (2) two archers in front of target to insure that no other group will shoot said target while you are retrieving the arrow.  If you cannot visibly see the arrow, make a note to return with a range official, after the completion of the round.

11.       CLASSES AND DIVISIONS:   Equipment for 3-D is in accordance with existing NFAA Style and Division equipment rules.

            14.1      National Unmarked, Sectional and State (optional) Marked and Unmarked Youth and Cub maximum distances.

            YOUTH                       Marked maximum – 45 yards

                                                Unmarked maximum – 40 yards

                                                Stakes = Blue

            CUB                            Marked and Unmarked maximum – 25 yards

                                                Stakes = Black

            14.2      Adult Traditional and Longbow archers shoot Blue Stakes.

L.         “Lake of the Woods Round”

1.         This round is a 20 target (ten targets per unit) variable distance round designed for use in recreational facilities or public parks.  The round is to be shot in a progressive order, 20 yards through 65 yards.  Whenever possible, a 20 yard practice target per unit will be used.

2.         TARGETS:

2.1       Target faces shall be a 4-color FITA type.

2.2       Each target position shall have one target butt.

2.2.1     There shall be 4 target faces on each target butt at 20 yards, 25 yards, and 30 yards.  There shall be 2 target faces on each target butt at 35 yards, 40 yards, 45 yards, and 50 yards.  There shall be 1 target face on each target butt at 55 yards, 60 yards and 65 yards.

2.3       Distance: The distances and corresponding target sizes:

Distance - Yards Target Size - Centimeters Target Layout
20 40 cm 4 targets in a square
25 40 cm 4 targets in a square
30 40 cm 4 targets in a square
35 60 cm 2 targets side by side
40 60 cm 2 targets side by side
45 60 cm 2 targets side by side
50 60 cm 2 targets side by side
55 80 cm 1 target
60 80 cm 1 target
65 80 cm 1 target

2.4       All distances must be measured to the exact yardage.

3.         Shooting Position:

3.1       All shooting positions shall be long a straight line and parallel to the target butts.

3.2       Each target butt shall have a 4 shooting positions 30” in width.

3.3       The Distances shall be written on markers which are visible to the archer.

3.4       Each distance marker shall show the number of the target and the distance to be shot.

3.5       If more than one unit is needed, the shooting positions for the targets shall be numbered from 1 to 20.

4.         Shooting Rules:

4.1       Archers shall shoot in groups of 2 to 4 with 4 being preferred.

4.2       On the first unit, two archers shall shoot on the left side of the marker at the targets on the left side of the target butt.  Two archers shall shoot on the right side of the marker at the targets on the right side of the target butt.

4.3       The two archers nearest the marker shall shoot the bottom targets on the target butt.  The two archers farthest from the marker shall shoot the top targets on the target butt.

4.4       All groups shall start at 20 yards and advance to 25 yards, 30 yards, and so forth up to 65 yards.  After all groups have started, the first group shall start at the 20 yard on the second unit (if two units are used) and advance in 5 yard increments to 65 yards.

4.5       At the start of the second unit, the archers who were next to the marker shall move to the outside, and the archers who were on the out-side shall move to the inside.

4.6       If a 20 yard practice target is used at the start of each unit, the archer may shoot it once at the start of each unit.

4.7       Each archer shall shoot three arrows at each distance per unit.

4.8       The maximum distance for youth in this round shall be 50 yards.

4.9       Cubs shall shoot:

3 targets at 20 yards 40 cm

4 targets at 25 yards 60 cm

3 targets at 30 yards 80 cm

5.         Scoring:

The scoring on the target shall be:

5 points for each arrow in the gold rings

4 points for each arrow in the red rings

3 points for each arrow in the blue rings 

2 points for each arrow in the black rings

1 point for each arrow in the white rings

The arrow has only to touch the line to count the higher value.

6.         Starting time:

First day, archer’s choice, space permitting or as the tournament host sets.

Second day, by score: low score start first high score start last.  A great round to promote archery and spectators.


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